ESP32-CAM

Face Detection

Siehe Github MakeMagazinDE

Webstream

Version für OpenCV (weil OpenCV keine Blöcke lesen kann?)

/*********
  Rui Santos
  Complete project details at https://RandomNerdTutorials.com/esp32-cam-video-streaming-web-server-camera-home-assistant/

  IMPORTANT!!! 
   - Select Board "AI Thinker ESP32-CAM"
   - GPIO 0 must be connected to GND to upload a sketch
   - After connecting GPIO 0 to GND, press the ESP32-CAM on-board RESET button to put your board in flashing mode

  Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy
  of this software and associated documentation files.

  The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all
  copies or substantial portions of the Software.
*********/

#include "esp_camera.h"
#include <WiFi.h>
#include "esp_timer.h"
#include "img_converters.h"
#include "Arduino.h"
#include "fb_gfx.h"
#include "soc/soc.h" //disable brownout problems
#include "soc/rtc_cntl_reg.h"  //disable brownout problems
#include "esp_http_server.h"

//Replace with your network credentials
const char* ssid = "maketest";
const char* password = "maketest";

#define PART_BOUNDARY "123456789000000000000987654321"

// This project was tested with the AI Thinker Model, M5STACK PSRAM Model and M5STACK WITHOUT PSRAM
#define CAMERA_MODEL_AI_THINKER
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_WITHOUT_PSRAM

// Not tested with this model
//#define CAMERA_MODEL_WROVER_KIT

#if defined(CAMERA_MODEL_WROVER_KIT)
  #define PWDN_GPIO_NUM    -1
  #define RESET_GPIO_NUM   -1
  #define XCLK_GPIO_NUM    21
  #define SIOD_GPIO_NUM    26
  #define SIOC_GPIO_NUM    27

  #define Y9_GPIO_NUM      35
  #define Y8_GPIO_NUM      34
  #define Y7_GPIO_NUM      39
  #define Y6_GPIO_NUM      36
  #define Y5_GPIO_NUM      19
  #define Y4_GPIO_NUM      18
  #define Y3_GPIO_NUM       5
  #define Y2_GPIO_NUM       4
  #define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM   25
  #define HREF_GPIO_NUM    23
  #define PCLK_GPIO_NUM    22

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_PSRAM)
  #define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     -1
  #define RESET_GPIO_NUM    15
  #define XCLK_GPIO_NUM     27
  #define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     25
  #define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     23

  #define Y9_GPIO_NUM       19
  #define Y8_GPIO_NUM       36
  #define Y7_GPIO_NUM       18
  #define Y6_GPIO_NUM       39
  #define Y5_GPIO_NUM        5
  #define Y4_GPIO_NUM       34
  #define Y3_GPIO_NUM       35
  #define Y2_GPIO_NUM       32
  #define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    22
  #define HREF_GPIO_NUM     26
  #define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     21

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_M5STACK_WITHOUT_PSRAM)
  #define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     -1
  #define RESET_GPIO_NUM    15
  #define XCLK_GPIO_NUM     27
  #define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     25
  #define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     23

  #define Y9_GPIO_NUM       19
  #define Y8_GPIO_NUM       36
  #define Y7_GPIO_NUM       18
  #define Y6_GPIO_NUM       39
  #define Y5_GPIO_NUM        5
  #define Y4_GPIO_NUM       34
  #define Y3_GPIO_NUM       35
  #define Y2_GPIO_NUM       17
  #define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    22
  #define HREF_GPIO_NUM     26
  #define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     21

#elif defined(CAMERA_MODEL_AI_THINKER)
  #define PWDN_GPIO_NUM     32
  #define RESET_GPIO_NUM    -1
  #define XCLK_GPIO_NUM      0
  #define SIOD_GPIO_NUM     26
  #define SIOC_GPIO_NUM     27

  #define Y9_GPIO_NUM       35
  #define Y8_GPIO_NUM       34
  #define Y7_GPIO_NUM       39
  #define Y6_GPIO_NUM       36
  #define Y5_GPIO_NUM       21
  #define Y4_GPIO_NUM       19
  #define Y3_GPIO_NUM       18
  #define Y2_GPIO_NUM        5
  #define VSYNC_GPIO_NUM    25
  #define HREF_GPIO_NUM     23
  #define PCLK_GPIO_NUM     22
#else
  #error "Camera model not selected"
#endif

static const char* _STREAM_CONTENT_TYPE = "multipart/x-mixed-replace;boundary=" PART_BOUNDARY;
static const char* _STREAM_BOUNDARY = "\r\n--" PART_BOUNDARY "\r\n";
static const char* _STREAM_PART = "Content-Type: image/jpeg\r\nContent-Length: %u\r\n\r\n";

httpd_handle_t stream_httpd = NULL;

static esp_err_t stream_handler(httpd_req_t *req){
  camera_fb_t * fb = NULL;
  esp_err_t res = ESP_OK;
  size_t _jpg_buf_len = 0;
  uint8_t * _jpg_buf = NULL;
  char * part_buf[64];

  res = httpd_resp_set_type(req, _STREAM_CONTENT_TYPE);
  if(res != ESP_OK){
    return res;
  }

  while(true){
    fb = esp_camera_fb_get();
    if (!fb) {
      Serial.println("Camera capture failed");
      res = ESP_FAIL;
    } else {
      if(fb->width > 400){
        if(fb->format != PIXFORMAT_JPEG){
          bool jpeg_converted = frame2jpg(fb, 80, &_jpg_buf, &_jpg_buf_len);
          esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
          fb = NULL;
          if(!jpeg_converted){
            Serial.println("JPEG compression failed");
            res = ESP_FAIL;
          }
        } else {
          _jpg_buf_len = fb->len;
          _jpg_buf = fb->buf;
        }
      }
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      size_t hlen = snprintf((char *)part_buf, 64, _STREAM_PART, _jpg_buf_len);
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, (const char *)part_buf, hlen);
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, (const char *)_jpg_buf, _jpg_buf_len);
    }
    if(res == ESP_OK){
      res = httpd_resp_send_chunk(req, _STREAM_BOUNDARY, strlen(_STREAM_BOUNDARY));
    }
    if(fb){
      esp_camera_fb_return(fb);
      fb = NULL;
      _jpg_buf = NULL;
    } else if(_jpg_buf){
      free(_jpg_buf);
      _jpg_buf = NULL;
    }
    if(res != ESP_OK){
      break;
    }
    //Serial.printf("MJPG: %uB\n",(uint32_t)(_jpg_buf_len));
  }
  return res;
}

void startCameraServer(){
  httpd_config_t config = HTTPD_DEFAULT_CONFIG();
  config.server_port = 80;

  httpd_uri_t index_uri = {
    .uri       = "/",
    .method    = HTTP_GET,
    .handler   = stream_handler,
    .user_ctx  = NULL
  };

  //Serial.printf("Starting web server on port: '%d'\n", config.server_port);
  if (httpd_start(&stream_httpd, &config) == ESP_OK) {
    httpd_register_uri_handler(stream_httpd, &index_uri);
  }
}

void setup() {
  WRITE_PERI_REG(RTC_CNTL_BROWN_OUT_REG, 0); //disable brownout detector

  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.setDebugOutput(false);

  camera_config_t config;
  config.ledc_channel = LEDC_CHANNEL_0;
  config.ledc_timer = LEDC_TIMER_0;
  config.pin_d0 = Y2_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d1 = Y3_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d2 = Y4_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d3 = Y5_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d4 = Y6_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d5 = Y7_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d6 = Y8_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_d7 = Y9_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_xclk = XCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pclk = PCLK_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_vsync = VSYNC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_href = HREF_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_sda = SIOD_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_sscb_scl = SIOC_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_pwdn = PWDN_GPIO_NUM;
  config.pin_reset = RESET_GPIO_NUM;
  config.xclk_freq_hz = 20000000;
  config.pixel_format = PIXFORMAT_JPEG; 

  if(psramFound()){
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_UXGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 10;
    config.fb_count = 2;
  } else {
    config.frame_size = FRAMESIZE_SVGA;
    config.jpeg_quality = 12;
    config.fb_count = 1;
  }

  // Camera init
  esp_err_t err = esp_camera_init(&config);
  if (err != ESP_OK) {
    Serial.printf("Camera init failed with error 0x%x", err);
    return;
  }
  // Wi-Fi connection
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
    Serial.print(".");
  }
  Serial.println("");
  Serial.println("WiFi connected");

  Serial.print("Camera Stream Ready! Go to: http://");
  Serial.print(WiFi.localIP());

  // Start streaming web server
  startCameraServer();
}

void loop() {
  delay(1);
}

Webstream

Version für Browser

#include <esp32cam.h>
#include <WebServer.h>
#include <WiFi.h>

const char* WIFI_SSID = "my-ssid";
const char* WIFI_PASS = "my-pass";

WebServer server(80);

static auto loRes = esp32cam::Resolution::find(320, 240);
static auto hiRes = esp32cam::Resolution::find(800, 600);

void handleBmp()
{
  if (!esp32cam::Camera.changeResolution(loRes)) {
    Serial.println("SET-LO-RES FAIL");
  }

  auto frame = esp32cam::capture();
  if (frame == nullptr) {
    Serial.println("CAPTURE FAIL");
    server.send(503, "", "");
    return;
  }
  Serial.printf("CAPTURE OK %dx%d %db\n", frame->getWidth(), frame->getHeight(),
                static_cast<int>(frame->size()));

  if (!frame->toBmp()) {
    Serial.println("CONVERT FAIL");
    server.send(503, "", "");
    return;
  }
  Serial.printf("CONVERT OK %dx%d %db\n", frame->getWidth(), frame->getHeight(),
                static_cast<int>(frame->size()));

  server.setContentLength(frame->size());
  server.send(200, "image/bmp");
  WiFiClient client = server.client();
  frame->writeTo(client);
}

void serveJpg()
{
  auto frame = esp32cam::capture();
  if (frame == nullptr) {
    Serial.println("CAPTURE FAIL");
    server.send(503, "", "");
    return;
  }
  Serial.printf("CAPTURE OK %dx%d %db\n", frame->getWidth(), frame->getHeight(),
                static_cast<int>(frame->size()));

  server.setContentLength(frame->size());
  server.send(200, "image/jpeg");
  WiFiClient client = server.client();
  frame->writeTo(client);
}

void handleJpgLo()
{
  if (!esp32cam::Camera.changeResolution(loRes)) {
    Serial.println("SET-LO-RES FAIL");
  }
  serveJpg();
}

void handleJpgHi()
{
  if (!esp32cam::Camera.changeResolution(hiRes)) {
    Serial.println("SET-HI-RES FAIL");
  }
  serveJpg();
}

void handleJpg()
{
  server.sendHeader("Location", "/cam-hi.jpg");
  server.send(302, "", "");
}

void handleMjpeg()
{
  if (!esp32cam::Camera.changeResolution(hiRes)) {
    Serial.println("SET-HI-RES FAIL");
  }

  Serial.println("STREAM BEGIN");
  WiFiClient client = server.client();
  auto startTime = millis();
  int res = esp32cam::Camera.streamMjpeg(client);
  if (res <= 0) {
    Serial.printf("STREAM ERROR %d\n", res);
    return;
  }
  auto duration = millis() - startTime;
  Serial.printf("STREAM END %dfrm %0.2ffps\n", res, 1000.0 * res / duration);
}

void setup()
{
  Serial.begin(115200);
  Serial.println();

  {
    using namespace esp32cam;
    Config cfg;
    cfg.setPins(pins::AiThinker);
    cfg.setResolution(hiRes);
    cfg.setBufferCount(2);
    cfg.setJpeg(80);

    bool ok = Camera.begin(cfg);
    Serial.println(ok ? "CAMERA OK" : "CAMERA FAIL");
  }

  WiFi.persistent(false);
  WiFi.mode(WIFI_STA);
  WiFi.begin(WIFI_SSID, WIFI_PASS);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    delay(500);
  }

  Serial.print("http://");
  Serial.println(WiFi.localIP());
  Serial.println("  /cam.bmp");
  Serial.println("  /cam-lo.jpg");
  Serial.println("  /cam-hi.jpg");
  Serial.println("  /cam.mjpeg");

  server.on("/cam.bmp", handleBmp);
  server.on("/cam-lo.jpg", handleJpgLo);
  server.on("/cam-hi.jpg", handleJpgHi);
  server.on("/cam.jpg", handleJpg);
  server.on("/cam.mjpeg", handleMjpeg);

  server.begin();
}

void loop()
{
  server.handleClient();
}

Dazu folgender OpenCV-Code

import urllib
import cv2
import numpy as np

url='http://192.168.8.100/cam-hi.jpg'

while True:
    imgResp=urllib.request.urlopen(url)
    imgNp=np.array(bytearray(imgResp.read()),dtype=np.uint8)
    img=cv2.imdecode(imgNp,-1)

    # all the opencv processing is done here
    cv2.imshow('test',img)
    if ord('q')==cv2.waitKey(10):
        exit(0)